Does Electricity Storage Innovation Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions?
Resources for the Future Discussion Paper 16-37
55 Pages Posted: 16 Oct 2016
Date Written: September 7, 2016
In the electricity sector, innovation in large-scale storage is anticipated to reduce costs and improve performance. The effect on greenhouse gas emissions of lower storage costs depends on the interactions between storage and the entire grid. The literature has disagreed on the role of storage in reducing emissions. Using a stylized model, we show that the effect of storage costs on emissions depends on the supply responsiveness of both fossil and renewable generators. Under typical conditions in the United States, lower storage costs are more likely to reduce emissions when wind investment responds to equilibrium electricity prices and when solar investment does not. Simulations of a computational model of grid investment and operation confirm these predictions. Moreover, because of its effect on coal and natural gas–fired generation, introducing a carbon dioxide emissions price may increase the likelihood that lower storage costs will reduce emissions.
Keywords: bulk storage, batteries, innovation, research and development, wind power, solar power, renewables, greenhouse gas emissions, mathematical programming, optimization
JEL Classification: L94, Q4, Q5
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation