Diversifying Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Education for Increased Accessibility to the Wise

5 Pages Posted: 13 Oct 2016  

Shima Barakat

University of Cambridge

Michelle Rigozzi

Government of the United Kingdom - National Health Service (NHS)

Monique Boddington

University of Cambridge

Ros McLellan

University of Cambridge

Date Written: October 13, 2016

Abstract

There is little evidence that the gender gap in entrepreneurial self-efficacy is being narrowed by entrepreneurship and enterprise education (EEE) in Europe. Which raises a very serious question about European EEE: is it failing women? If we look more specifically at science and engineering research, its impact and the status of women in the disciple and EEE, we see that Women from Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) disciplines are lost in larger proportions than men at every step of the postgraduate ladder and are under-represented in top positions across the spectrum of business, public service and academia (Royal Society of Edinburgh, 2012). Under these conditions, one might expect that these women are turning to entrepreneurship and yet the proportion of women-owned enterprises in high-tech industries remains very low and in the European Union is currently under15% (ECDGEI). This relatively small representation of women has implications for the realisation of the impact of scientific research funding through commercialisation and entrepreneurship, as an indicator of sexual inequality (Devos, Mclean and O’Hara, 2003) and as a loss to the economy (Gatewood et al., 2004; Wilson, Kickul and Marlino, 2007; Nixdorff and Rosen, 2010).

Suggested Citation

Barakat, Shima and Rigozzi, Michelle and Boddington, Monique and McLellan, Ros, Diversifying Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Education for Increased Accessibility to the Wise (October 13, 2016). 7th Annual George Washington University (GWU)-International Council for Small Business (ICSB) Global Entrepreneurship Research and Policy Conference. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2852014 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2852014

Shima Barakat (Contact Author)

University of Cambridge ( email )

Trinity Ln
Cambridge, CB2 1TN
United Kingdom

Michelle Rigozzi

Government of the United Kingdom - National Health Service (NHS) ( email )

London, SW1A 2NS
United Kingdom

Monique Boddington

University of Cambridge ( email )

Trinity Ln
Cambridge, CB2 1TN
United Kingdom

Ros McLellan

University of Cambridge ( email )

Trinity Ln
Cambridge, CB2 1TN
United Kingdom

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