Monopolies of Violence in Developing Democracies: Emerging Evidence from India

31 Pages Posted: 24 Oct 2016

See all articles by Jason Miklian

Jason Miklian

International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO); University of Oslo - Centre for Development and the Environment

Date Written: October 18, 2016

Abstract

Traditional theories about how a state achieves a monopoly of violence are becoming increasingly strained as different forms of democracy have spread across the globe, and as shifting international norms change what is considered legitimate state action. This article assesses five state responses to political violence in India (military, human rights, media, policing, and preventive policy) to argue that India’s growing domestic need to address demands for human security and internationalized need to support human rights underpin its evolving efforts to maintain legitimacy and secure a Weberian monopoly of violence in an internationalized political environment.

Keywords: India, Monopoly of Violence, Political Violence, Human Rights, Policing, Urban Violence, social Media, Media and Conflict, Peacebuilding, social Contract, Weber, Legitimacy, Developing Countries, Democracy, Human Security

JEL Classification: D72, D78, F5, F52, F54, F68, O2, P26

Suggested Citation

Miklian, Jason, Monopolies of Violence in Developing Democracies: Emerging Evidence from India (October 18, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2854224 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2854224

Jason Miklian (Contact Author)

International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) ( email )

Oslo
N-0260 Oslo
Norway

University of Oslo - Centre for Development and the Environment ( email )

P.O. Box 1116 Blindern
K1A 0G9
0317 Oslo
Norway

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