Comprehensive Indoor Smoking Bans and Smoking Prevalence: Evidence from the BRFSS

Posted: 20 Oct 2016

See all articles by Thomas Carlton

Thomas Carlton

Independent

Michael Darden

Johns Hopkins University - Carey Business School

John Levendis

Loyola University New Orleans

Sang Hyup Lee

Southeastern Louisiana University

Iben Ricket

Independent

Date Written: October 2016

Abstract

In an effort to reduce exposure to secondhand smoke, many governments have enacted smoke-free laws in public spaces. To the extent that smoke-free laws change perceptions, norms and attitudes about tobacco use, these laws may also reduce the prevalence and intensity of cigarette consumption. Using nationally representative data on over four millions individuals spanning 15 years, we study the average e ffects of comprehensive, state-level indoor smoking bans on smoking prevalence in the United States. Our research design exploits within state variation in smoking prevalence, as well as the rapid diffusion of comprehensive bans across states between 2002 and 2010. Our results suggest that a comprehensive indoor smoking ban is associated with a 2.35% to 3.29% average reduction in smoking prevalence, a range that is robust to various specifications. These e ffects are roughly equivalent to a $1 to $1.50 increase in a state's cigarette tax. Finally, we demonstrate that state-level indoor bans in bars may signifi cantly decrease smoking prevalence in specifi c subpopulations, particularly young, female, low-income, and binge drinking individuals.

Keywords: Indoor Cigarette Smoking Bans, Smoking Prevalence, Policy

JEL Classification: I18

Suggested Citation

Carlton, Thomas and Darden, Michael and Levendis, John and Lee, Sang Hyup and Ricket, Iben, Comprehensive Indoor Smoking Bans and Smoking Prevalence: Evidence from the BRFSS (October 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2855963

Michael Darden

Johns Hopkins University - Carey Business School ( email )

100 International Drive
Baltimore, MD 21202
United States

John Levendis

Loyola University New Orleans ( email )

6363 St. Charles Ave., box 15
New Orleans, LA 70118
United States

Sang Hyup Lee

Southeastern Louisiana University ( email )

SLU-10813
Department of Management & Business Administration
Hammond, LA 70402
United States
985-549-2051 (Phone)
985-549-2881 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=nEbvLHUAAAAJ

Iben Ricket

Independent ( email )

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