ICT Institutional Framework in the Americas Region

15 Pages Posted: 20 Oct 2016

See all articles by Marcio Aranha

Marcio Aranha

University of Brasilia; School of Law Research Center on Administrative Law and Regulatory Practice; University of Brasilia Research Center on Communications Policy, Law, Economics, and Technology; Telecommunications Law Research Group

Flavia Oliveira

Universidade de Brasília (UnB)

Rafaela Falcão

University of Brasília (UnB), Students

Nathalie Gazzaneo

University of Sao Paulo (USP), Students

Date Written: June 22, 2016

Abstract

This paper builds on the federal indicator used by the ICT and development literature to answer the research question on what indicators better represent ICT institutional background in the Americas Region (Central America and the Caribbean Islands, North America and South America). Its main underpinnings are the concept of information revolution and the methodology put forward by the Telecommunications Law Indicators for Comparative Studies (TLICS) Model. Six sets of federal indicators on revenue, fiscal transfer, regulatory jurisdiction, adjudication, planning, and media content regulation are put together to compare ICT federal environment in the Americas Region as a groundwork for ICT comparative research. The empirical universe of the paper encompassed twenty-six countries from the Americas Region, that form a potpourri of twenty officially unitary countries – Belize, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago and Uruguay – and six federal countries – Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, United States and Venezuela – that account for the most representative countries of the Caribbean Islands and all countries of Central, North, and South America apart from Guyana. The article is organized in three main parts. A brief description of the paper assumptions is performed in the first part. The second part applies TLICS variables to sets of the aforementioned states. The third part delves into the comparison of the states analyzed by means of categorizing the differences and commonalities revealed by more than one thousand variables collected in the legal and institutional framework of those countries and finally summarized in the ICT federal index (IFI) and ICT unitary index (IUI). We also tested the association between federalism as the outcome and each of the independent (explanatory) variables proposed by TLICS model by applying statistical tests of significance (Fisher exact test and relative risk). The only ICT variable significantly associated with a country being classified as a federal state is tax in the telecom, broadcast, broadband and e-commerce sectors. As a main outcome, based on data collected from the institutional background and legal frameworks of those countries, we found clusters of federal commonalities in federal and unitary countries of the region. With that, we proposed two indices that better represent federal and unitary institutional backgrounds: The ICT Federal Index (IFI); and the ICT Unitary Index (IUI). They provide a real picture of their institutional background for ICT and development comparative purposes.

Keywords: TLICS Model, Institutional Indicator, Decentralization, ICT, Americas Region, ICT Indicators

JEL Classification: L86

Suggested Citation

Aranha, Marcio and Oliveira, Flavia and Falcão, Rafaela and Gazzaneo, Nathalie, ICT Institutional Framework in the Americas Region (June 22, 2016). CPRLATAM Conference, Mexico, June 22-23rd, 2016 in conjunction with CLT2016, June 20-23rd, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2856014

Marcio Aranha (Contact Author)

University of Brasilia ( email )

Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro
Asa Norte
Brasília, Distrito Federal 70910-900
Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://www.fd.unb.br/

School of Law Research Center on Administrative Law and Regulatory Practice ( email )

Brasilia, DF
Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://www.ndsr.org/

University of Brasilia Research Center on Communications Policy, Law, Economics, and Technology ( email )

Caixa Postal 04413
Brasilia, 70919-970
Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://www.ccom.website

Telecommunications Law Research Group ( email )

Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://www.getel.org

Flavia Oliveira

Universidade de Brasília (UnB) ( email )

Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro
Asa Norte
Brasília, Distrito Federal 70910-900
Brazil

Rafaela Falcão

University of Brasília (UnB), Students ( email )

Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro
Brasília, 70910-900
Brazil

Nathalie Gazzaneo

University of Sao Paulo (USP), Students ( email )

São Paulo
Brazil

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