The Impact of Technological Change on Textile and Garment Workers in Developing Countries: HRD Strategies

International Journal of Operations and Quantitative Management (IJOQM), Vol. 8(4), p. 215-235, January 2002

Posted: 21 Oct 2016

See all articles by Nazrul Islam

Nazrul Islam

Canadian University of Bangladesh

Fredric William Swierczek

Asian Institute of Technology - AIT Center of Vietnam

Date Written: October 20, 2016

Abstract

This paper develops a conceptual framework of technological change and its impact on textile and garment workers in developing countries based on an extensive literature review. It proposes human resource development (HRD) strategies for adapting the change efficiently so that the negative impact of technological change is minimized. Technological change increases job insecurity, job dissatisfaction and deteriorates work relations in the company. It eliminates lower skilled jobs from the company by bringing new and advanced machines. These, in turn, have impact on the overall socioeconomic situation of workers, which is a defined in socioeconomic term. It includes economic factors such as income, and social concerns such as family or status. The level of impact of technological change depends on the change management process that includes human resource planning, work re-organization, training and development, worker participation, and information sharing. These programs act as mediating factors. The higher level of efficacy of the change management process results in a less negative impact on workers. Thus, technology alone does not determine the acceptance or rejection of the change, but it efficacy is determined by how it is managed.

Suggested Citation

Islam, Nazrul and Swierczek, Fredric William, The Impact of Technological Change on Textile and Garment Workers in Developing Countries: HRD Strategies (October 20, 2016). International Journal of Operations and Quantitative Management (IJOQM), Vol. 8(4), p. 215-235, January 2002. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2856222

Nazrul Islam (Contact Author)

Canadian University of Bangladesh ( email )

House 99, Road 11, Block C, Banani,
Dhaka, 1213
Bangladesh
8801716370643 (Phone)
880258952047 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.cub.edu.bd

Fredric William Swierczek

Asian Institute of Technology - AIT Center of Vietnam ( email )

P.O. Box 4
Klong Luang
Pathumthani 12120, 12120
Thailand

HOME PAGE: http://www.ait.ac.th/interimpage/ait_visitor/search/index.asp?q=Swierczek&sitesearch=people&btnG.x=1

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