L’Exploitation Industrielle Face Aux Imperatifs Environnementaux AU Togo: CAS Des Cimenteries (Industrial Operations Facing Environmental Requirements in Togo: Case of Cement Factories)

129 Pages Posted: 3 Dec 2016 Last revised: 2 Jun 2017

See all articles by Koffi Dogbevi

Koffi Dogbevi

University of Wisconsin - Madison, Law School

Date Written: October 21, 2009

Abstract

French Abstract: L’industrialisation est de tout temps considérée comme le socle du développement économique de l’humanité de part sa production de richesses grâce à la transformation des matières premières et à l’exploitation des sources d’énergie. Cependant, elle n’est pas sans incidence sur le milieu naturel (air, eau, sol), les employés à l’intérieur de l’usine de production et les populations riveraines. Des dommages environnementaux résultent des déversements ou rejets d’effluents ou de polluants au travers de cheminées industrielles et/ou canalisations diverses. L’exploitation cimentière au Togo entraîne des atteintes au paysage naturel dans les zones d’exploitation et s’accompagne de pollutions et nuisances diverses. L’intérêt de cette recherche est de montrer comment différents instruments juridiques peuvent être utilisés pour canaliser la pollution industrielle et permettre aux entreprises de tendre vers un développement soutenable. Elle aura pour mérite de procéder à une analyse détaillée des risques et dommages liés à l’extraction du calcaire, sa transformation en clinker puis en ciment et envisagera des approches de solutions pour une industrialisation écologiquement responsable.

English Abstract: Industrialization has always been said the foundation of economic growth and development of mankind. It is a set of activities that generate wealth through processing of raw materials and the exploitation of energy sources. It creates jobs, increases the value of agricultural products, promote technological progress, and contribute to poverty reduction by creating wealthy. However, to achieve that result, trucks and other heavy machinery have to dig, drag, and pull from land, minerals buried in its depths since its creation, and dump on its surface and in the water, chemical, harmful detritus and debris, not to mention the spectacular air pollution throughout the process. Extractive industries in West Africa have generated lots of harms to the indigenous population over the past decades. From the uranium mines extraction in Niger which generated an alarmingly high radiological situation in the vicinity of the mines industry; to cement and petroleum exploitation in Nigeria, Togo or Chad with significant environmental impacts, this study has described the cruel violation of indigenous population rights to a clean environment, where land, water, and air are the fundamental components. This paper focuses on cement factories in Togo, which have caused damages to the natural landscape in the mining areas and are accompanied by various pollution and nuisances. The interest of this research is to show how different legal instruments can be used to channel industrial pollution and allow companies to move towards sustainable development. It will have the merit of carrying out a detailed analysis of the risks and damages associated with the extraction of limestone, its transformation into clinker and then cement, and will consider approaches to solutions for ecologically responsible industrialization.

Note: Downloadable document is in French.

Keywords: industries extractives, impacts environnementaux, pollutions, nuisances, risques professionnels, industrialisation écologiquement responsable, développement soutenable

JEL Classification: K32, N5, Q01

Suggested Citation

Dogbevi, Koffi, L’Exploitation Industrielle Face Aux Imperatifs Environnementaux AU Togo: CAS Des Cimenteries (Industrial Operations Facing Environmental Requirements in Togo: Case of Cement Factories) (October 21, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2857426 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2857426

Koffi Dogbevi (Contact Author)

University of Wisconsin - Madison, Law School ( email )

Madison, WI
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://ssrn.com/author=2569852

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