Short Sales, Damages and Class Certification in 10b-5 Actions
34 Pages Posted: 2 Oct 2001
Date Written: July 2001
In a short sale, an investor sells a share of stock he does not own and profits when the price of the stock declines. A peculiar feature of short sales is the apparent increase in the number of shares of stock beneficially held by investors over and above the actual number of shares issued by the corporation. It has previously been noted that this may create problems in the execution of proxy votes. In this paper, we illustrate a related problem in the prosecution of claims of securities fraud. We examine this problem using the recent case of Computer Learning Centers, Inc. (CLC), in which the number of short sales was extremely large.
Plaintiffs in the Computer Learning Centers case proposed a class including all those who purchased CLC common stock from April 30, 1997, to April 6, 1998. Defendants opposed certification of the class, focusing on the large number of short sales and the resulting difficulty in establishing which members of the class actually had standing to sue. The court denied the motion for class certification. Although the court gave plaintiffs leave to amend the class, the case was settled before a new class was identified.
Keywords: Short Sales, Securities Fraud, Class Certification, 10b-5
JEL Classification: K22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation