The Demographic Impact of Terrorism: Evidence from Municipalities in the Basque Country and Navarre

29 Pages Posted: 26 Oct 2016 Last revised: 19 Sep 2017

See all articles by Marcos Sanso-Navarro

Marcos Sanso-Navarro

Universidad de Zaragoza

Fernando Sanz-Gracia

Universidad de Zaragoza

María Vera-Cabello

Centro Universitario de la Defensa de Zaragoza

Date Written: September 13, 2017

Abstract

This paper studies the persistence of the effects of terrorist attacks on the urban structure at regional level. With this aim, a dynamic differences-in-differences approach is applied to all the municipalities of the Basque Country and Navarre autonomous communities in Spain during 1986-2014. Our results show that terrorism had a negative and transitory effect on population growth. We also find that incidents with deaths implied more adverse shocks. Terrorist attacks had more significant effects in bigger municipalities and in the provinces with a stronger ideological polarization. Finally, we provide evidence of demographic spatial effects derived from violence.

Keywords: Urban Structure, Population Growth, Terrorism, Shock Persistence, Spatial Effects

JEL Classification: J10, N41, N91, R12

Suggested Citation

Sanso-Navarro, Marcos and Sanz-Gracia, Fernando and Vera-Cabello, María, The Demographic Impact of Terrorism: Evidence from Municipalities in the Basque Country and Navarre (September 13, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2859042 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2859042

Marcos Sanso-Navarro

Universidad de Zaragoza ( email )

Facultad de Economía y Empresa
Departamento de Análisis Económico
Zaragoza, 50005
Spain
+34 876 554 629 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://personal.unizar.es/marcossn

Fernando Sanz-Gracia

Universidad de Zaragoza ( email )

Gran Via 2
Zaragoza, 50005
Spain

María Vera-Cabello (Contact Author)

Centro Universitario de la Defensa de Zaragoza ( email )

Academia General Militar, Ctra. de Huesca, s/n
Zaragoza, Zaragoza 50009
Spain

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