The Future of EU Climate Change Technology and Sustainable Energy Diplomacy
FEPS Studies, October 2016
51 Pages Posted: 12 Nov 2016
Date Written: October 19, 2016
The Paris Agreement has the potential to be a major inflection point in the global response to climate change. The Agreement explicitly locates primary regulatory agency and implementation concerning climate mitigation at the national level, through Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), and is also significant for enhancing the role of non-state actors in the UNFCCC process. The EU contributed to ambitious outcomes at the Paris conference. The strengths of EU diplomacy – normative leadership and deep programmatic, personnel and financial resources – are particularly apt to contribute to an implementation or ‘action’ phase, which climate and sustainable energy diplomacy has entered following the Paris conference. This diplomatic weight can be seen in the UNFCCC negotiations and other processes of climate and energy diplomacy. The EU’s climate diplomacy is also buttressed by its preeminent role in development assistance. In addition to the scale of EU diplomatic resources is their ability to function as a network, with EU Institutions and Member States mobilizing collectively and bringing particular strengths to particular missions. If it is to fulfil its potential, EU climate technology and sustainable energy diplomacy must contend with a number of significant challenges, including: the proliferation of international processes through which climate and sustainable energy policy are pursued; the growing urgency of stimulating technology development, transfer and uptake; and the increasing relative importance of large emerging economies as providers of climate technology and finance and as policy entrepreneurs.
Keywords: Diplomacy, Climate Change, Paris Agreement, Renewable Energy, EU
JEL Classification: F53, Q27, Q28, F50
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation