Approaches to Inequality of Opportunity: Principles, Measures and Evidence

29 Pages Posted: 28 Oct 2016

See all articles by Xavier Ramos

Xavier Ramos

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Dirk Van de Gaer

Ghent University-Universiteit Gent - Department of Social Economics

Date Written: December 2016

Abstract

We put together the different conceptual issues involved in measuring inequality of opportunity, discuss how these concepts have been translated into computable measures, and point out the problems and choices researchers face when implementing these measures. Our analysis identifies and suggests several new possibilities to measure inequality of opportunity. The relevance of the conceptual issues and modelling choices are illustrated with findings from the empirical literature on income inequality of opportunity.

Keywords: Circumstances, Compensation, Effort, Equality of Opportunity, Measurement, Responsibility

Suggested Citation

Ramos, Xavier and Van de Gaer, Dirk, Approaches to Inequality of Opportunity: Principles, Measures and Evidence (December 2016). Journal of Economic Surveys, Vol. 30, Issue 5, pp. 855-883, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2860391 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joes.12121

Xavier Ramos (Contact Author)

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona ( email )

Dept. Economia Aplicada
Campus UAB
Bellaterra, Barcelona 08193
Spain

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Dirk Van de Gaer

Ghent University-Universiteit Gent - Department of Social Economics ( email )

Hoveniersberg 24
Gent, 9000
Belgium

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