Mortality and Urbanization: An African Tragedy

29 Pages Posted: 28 Oct 2016

See all articles by Markus Brueckner

Markus Brueckner

The Australian National University

Date Written: September 27, 2016

Abstract

Since the 1980s, no significant negative relationship exists in sub-Saharan Africa between adult mortality and urbanization. In the rest of the world, the relationship between adult mortality and urbanization is significantly negative. High prevalence of HIV likely explains the absence of a significant negative relationship between adult mortality and urbanization in sub-Saharan Africa. HIV can spread more rapidly in the city than in the countryside because the costs of finding multiple sexual partners are lower in the city than in the countryside. During the 1960s and 1970s, i.e. prior to the HIV pandemic, adult mortality and urbanization are significantly negatively correlated in sub-Saharan Africa.

Suggested Citation

Brueckner, Markus, Mortality and Urbanization: An African Tragedy (September 27, 2016). CAMA Working Paper No. 66/2016 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2860426 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2860426

Markus Brueckner (Contact Author)

The Australian National University ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601
Australia

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