Early Childcare, Child Cognitive Outcomes and Inequalities in the UK

18 Pages Posted: 31 Oct 2016

See all articles by Daniela Del Boca

Daniela Del Boca

University of Turin - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Daniela Piazzalunga

FBK-IRVAPP

Chiara Pronzato

University of Essex - Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER)

Abstract

The objective of this research is to explore the impact of early childcare on child cognitive outcomes. We utilize the Millennium Cohort Survey (MCS) for the United Kingdom, which provides very detailed information about several modalities of childcare as well as several child outcomes. In our empirical analysis, we estimate the association between formal childcare and child cognitive outcomes, allowing the effect of formal childcare to be different for children from different family backgrounds, controlling for a large number of variables (regarding the child, the mother, the father, the household). In a second step, we simulate how an increase in formal childcare attendance can affect inequalities across children. Our results show that childcare attendance has a positive impact on child cognitive outcomes, which are stronger for children from low socio–economic background.

Keywords: child care, child outcomes, inequalities

JEL Classification: J13, H75

Suggested Citation

Del Boca, Daniela and Piazzalunga, Daniela and Pronzato, Chiara, Early Childcare, Child Cognitive Outcomes and Inequalities in the UK. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10287. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2861072

Daniela Del Boca (Contact Author)

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Po, 53
Torino, 10124
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Turin, TO
Italy

Daniela Piazzalunga

FBK-IRVAPP ( email )

via Santa Croce 77
Trento, 38122
Italy
(+39) 0461 31 2288 (Phone)

Chiara Pronzato

University of Essex - Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

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