Effects of Adult Health Interventions at Scale on Children's Schooling: Evidence from Antiretroviral Therapy in Zambia

47 Pages Posted: 31 Oct 2016

See all articles by Adrienne Lucas

Adrienne Lucas

University of Delaware - Alfred Lerner College of Business and Economics

Margaret Chidothe

Wellesley College

Nicholas L. Wilson

Williams College - Department of Economics

Date Written: October 2016

Abstract

In 2007, approximately one in five children in Zambia lived with an HIV positive adult. We identify the effect of adult antiretroviral therapy (ART) availability at scale on children's educational outcomes by combining data on the expansion of ART availability with two national household surveys that include HIV testing. Through a triple difference specification, we find that the availability of ART increased the likelihood that children in households with HIV positive household heads started school on time and were the appropriate grade-for-age. The mechanisms were likely decreased opportunistic infections in the household and related care giving duties.

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Suggested Citation

Lucas, Adrienne and Chidothe, Margaret and Wilson, Nicholas L., Effects of Adult Health Interventions at Scale on Children's Schooling: Evidence from Antiretroviral Therapy in Zambia (October 2016). NBER Working Paper No. w22767, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2861699

Adrienne Lucas (Contact Author)

University of Delaware - Alfred Lerner College of Business and Economics ( email )

419 Purnell Hall
Newark, DE 19716
United States

Margaret Chidothe

Wellesley College

106 Central St.
Wellesley, MA 02181
United States

Nicholas L. Wilson

Williams College - Department of Economics ( email )

Fernald House
Williamstown, MA 01267
United States

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