Queen Bees and Domestic Violence: Patrilocal Marriage in Tajikistan

48 Pages Posted: 1 Nov 2016 Last revised: 20 Nov 2016

Charles Becker

Duke University - Department of Economics

Mavzuna Turaeva

Duke University - Department of Economics

Date Written: October 31, 2016

Abstract

A longstanding tradition of patrilocal marriage – living with the parents-in-law – affects every generation of Central Asian women and their choices regarding childbearing, employment and education. While anthropological evidence suggests that elder matriarchs (Queen Bees) play a key and often detrimental role in the lives of the junior women in their households, rigorous empirical studies are scarce. We use Tajikistan 2012 DHS data to explore the correlation between domestic violence and young married women’s living arrangements. Through a quasi-experimental study designed, we establish a positive and statistically significant treatment effect. Women who live with the in-law family are at least 24.6% more likely to experience emotional abuse committed by their husbands/partners. A similar effect does not emerge between physical violence, either severe or less severe, and a presence of the Queen Bee in the household.

Keywords: Domestic Violence; Queen Bee; Social Norms; Tradition; Patrilocal Marriage; Tajikistan

JEL Classification: Z13; J12; J16

Suggested Citation

Becker, Charles and Turaeva, Mavzuna, Queen Bees and Domestic Violence: Patrilocal Marriage in Tajikistan (October 31, 2016). Economic Research Initiatives at Duke (ERID) Working Paper No. 232. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2862096 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2862096

Charles Maxwell Becker (Contact Author)

Duke University - Department of Economics ( email )

213 Social Sciences Building
Box 90097
Durham, NC 27708-0204
United States

Mavzuna Turaeva

Duke University - Department of Economics ( email )

213 Social Sciences Building
Box 90097
Durham, NC 27708-0204
United States

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