A Problem with Some Philosophies of History
How Change Happens: A Theory of Philosophy of History, Social Change and Cultural Evolution, (2009), Best Publications Limited
13 Pages Posted: 4 Nov 2016 Last revised: 22 Nov 2016
Date Written: October 30, 2016
Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Leslie White, Allen Johnson and Timothy Earle, and Stephen Sanderson all produced linear theories of history, social change and cultural evolution but their theories have a common deficiency. None of them provide an ultimate explanation for social cultural and historical change. This failure was rectified by J. S. Mill who suggested increasing human knowledge was the ultimate cause of social, cultural and historical change. However even Mill did not ask what caused the increasing human knowledge and why the knowledge had to be acquired in a particular order and how this could affect human history.
Keywords: Karl Marx, Leslie White, Emile Durkheim, John Stuart Mill, modes of production, philosophy of history, social change, cultural evolution, Stephen Sanderson, Evolutionary Materialism, Allen Johnson, Timothy Earle, Marxism
JEL Classification: A00
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation