Interregional Migration of Youths in Russia: A Comprehensive Analysis of Demographic Statistics

Educational Studies. Moscow, 2016. No 3. P. 169–203

24 Pages Posted: 3 Nov 2016

See all articles by Ilya Kashnitsky

Ilya Kashnitsky

National Research University Higher School of Economics; Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI)

Nikita Mkrtchyan

National Research University Higher School of Economics; Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)

Oleg Leshukov

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Date Written: September 30, 2016

Abstract

Not dissimilar to many other countries, migration in Russia has a pronounced age-dependent pattern with the peak intensity at the age when people obtain higher and professional education. In this paper, we analyze migration intensity at student age (17–21) using three sources of demographic data with regard to their key opportunities and limitations. We compare the migration attractiveness of Russian regions in three ways. First, we apply APC analysis to the current migration statistical data, separately for two periods: 2003–2010 and 2011–2013. The reason for sampling these two periods is because there was a significant change in the migration statistics collection practices in 2011. Second, we use the age-shift method to analyze the data of the 2002 and 2010 Russian censuses. We offer a way to refine the census data by discarding the non-migration-related changes in the age-sex structure. Finally, we use information about the ratio between the number of school graduates and that of full-time high school enrollments in the academic years 2012/13 and 2013/14 across the regions. Based on the four indicators of migration intensity (intercensal estimates, statistical records for the two periods, and the graduate-enrollment ratio), we develop a rating of Russian regions in migration attractiveness for student-aged youths. A position in this rating depends not only on the level of higher education development in a region but also on the consistent patterns of interregional migration in Russia. The regions in the European part of the country have a much higher chance to attract migrants at student ages.

Keywords: youth migration, educational migration, positive net migration, age-period-cohort analysis, age-shift method, rating of region attractiveness

JEL Classification: I21, I23, J61, R23

Suggested Citation

Kashnitsky, Ilya and Mkrtchyan, Nikita and Leshukov, Oleg, Interregional Migration of Youths in Russia: A Comprehensive Analysis of Demographic Statistics (September 30, 2016). Educational Studies. Moscow, 2016. No 3. P. 169–203. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2863128

Ilya Kashnitsky (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

HOME PAGE: http://www.hse.ru/staff/ikashnitsky

Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI) ( email )

P.O. Box 11650
NL-2502 AR The Hague
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://nidi.nl/en/staff/overview/kashnitsky

Nikita Mkrtchyan

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

HOME PAGE: http://www.hse.ru/org/persons/203471

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) ( email )

Vernadskogo Prospect 82
Moscow, 119571
Russia

Oleg Leshukov

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

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