Open Innovation: Current Status and Research Opportunities

Accepted for publication in "Innovation: Organization & Management" (2017), Forthcoming

16 Pages Posted: 5 Nov 2016

See all articles by Joel West

Joel West

Hildegard College; San Jose State University - Organization and Management; KGI - Keck Graduate Institute

Marcel Bogers

Eindhoven University of Technology; University of Copenhagen; University of California, Berkeley

Date Written: October 25, 2016


Interest in open innovation (OI) as a field of research has grown exponentially since the phrase was coined by Chesbrough (2003), with numerous articles, special issues, books and conference sessions. Various reviews of the literature have summarized prior work, offered new frameworks and identified opportunities for future research. Here we summarize these opportunities, which include more research on outbound OI, the role of open innovation in services, and network forms of collaboration such as consortia, communities, ecosystems and platforms. Research should also examine the use of OI by small, new and not-for-profit organizations, as well as the linkage of individual actions and motivations to open innovation. Other opportunities include better measuring the costs, benefits, antecedents, mediators and moderators of the effects of OI on performance, and understanding why and how OI is rejected, abandoned or fails. Finally, we consider how OI can be better linked to prior theoretical research, including topics such as absorptive capacity, user innovation, resources, dynamic capabilities, business models and the definition of the firm.

Keywords: open innovation, business models, innovation strategy

Suggested Citation

West, Joel and Bogers, Marcel, Open Innovation: Current Status and Research Opportunities (October 25, 2016). Accepted for publication in "Innovation: Organization & Management" (2017), Forthcoming, Available at SSRN:

Joel West

Hildegard College ( email )

150 Paularino Ave. Bldg. B,
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
United States

San Jose State University - Organization and Management ( email )

One Washington Square
San Jose, CA 95192-0066
United States

KGI - Keck Graduate Institute ( email )

535 Watson Drive
Claremont, CA 91711
United States
909-293-8550 (Phone)


Marcel Bogers (Contact Author)

Eindhoven University of Technology

Den Dolech 2
Eindhoven, North Brabant 5612 AZ


University of Copenhagen ( email )

Department of Food and Resource Economics (IFRO)
Rolighedsvej 23
Copenhagen, 1958

University of California, Berkeley

Garwood Center for Corporate Innovation
F402 Hass School of Business, #1930
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

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