Why Governments Should Invest More to Educate Girls

47 Pages Posted: 17 Oct 2001

See all articles by T. Paul Schultz

T. Paul Schultz

Yale University - Economic Growth Center; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: September 2001

Abstract

Women and men often receive the same percentage increase in their wage rates with advances in schooling. Because these returns decline with more schooling, the marginal returns for women will tend to exceed those for men, especially in countries where women are much less educated. The health and schooling of children are more closely related to their mother's education than father's. More educated women work more hours in the market labor force, broadening the tax base and thereby potentially reducing tax distortions. These three conditions, it is argued, justify the disproportionate allocation of public expenditures toward women's education.

Keywords: Gender, Returns, Education, Development, Externalities, Taxes

JEL Classification: I21, I22, J16, J31

Suggested Citation

Schultz, T. Paul, Why Governments Should Invest More to Educate Girls (September 2001). Economic Growth Center Discussion Paper No. 836. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=286592

T. Paul Schultz (Contact Author)

Yale University - Economic Growth Center ( email )

Box 208269
New Haven, CT 06520-8269
United States
203-432-3620 (Phone)
203-432-5591 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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