The Multivariate Bullwhip Effect
38 Pages Posted: 8 Nov 2016
Date Written: November 7, 2016
A multivariate bullwhip expression for m two-stage supply chains with an order-up-to inventory policy is developed. The demand models under consideration are differenced stationary vector time series with a Wold representation for which general forecasting formulas are available, resulting in a large class of possible models (including nonstationary ones). Examples are provided for common demand models and implemented on sales data. It is found that the multivariate approach gives rise to mechanisms for understanding and reducing the bullwhip effect through horizontal information sharing, particularly for the nonstationary demand case. In the stationary setting, a more nuanced approach to bullwhip reduction can be achieved by identifying product bundles based on the relationship between cross-correlations and lead-time.
Keywords: Supply Chain Management, Multivariate Time Series, Cross-Correlated Demand
JEL Classification: C32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation