A Note on the Regularized Approach to Biased 2SLS Estimation with Weak Instruments
10 Pages Posted: 8 Nov 2016
Date Written: December 2016
The presence of weak instruments is translated into a nearly singular problem in a control function representation. Therefore, the ‐norm type of regularization is proposed to implement the 2SLS estimation for addressing the weak instrument problem. The ‐norm regularization with a regularized parameter O(n) allows us to obtain the Rothenberg (1984) type of higher‐order approximation of the 2SLS estimator in the weak instrument asymptotic framework. The proposed regularized parameter yields the regularized concentration parameter O(n), which is used as a standardized factor in the higher‐order approximation. We also show that the proposed ‐norm regularization consequently reduces the finite sample bias. A number of existing estimators that address finite sample bias in the presence of weak instruments, especially Fuller's limited information maximum likelihood estimator, are compared with our proposed estimator in a simple Monte Carlo exercise.
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