Explaining Firms' Export Behaviour: The Role of R&D and Spillovers

FEDEA Documento de Trabajo Working Paper No. 2001-12

24 Pages Posted: 12 Oct 2001

See all articles by Salvador Barrios

Salvador Barrios

European Commission, JRC - IPTS

Holger Görg

University of Kiel; Kiel Institute for the World Economy

Eric Strobl

Ecole Polytechnique, Paris - Department of Economic Sciences; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: September 2001

Abstract

We examine the importance of a firm's own R&D activity and intra-sectoral spillovers on the decision to export and the export intensity using firm level panel data for Spain for the period 1990 to 1998. Our results are in line with preceding findings on the role played by firm-specific variables such as age, firm size, productivity and workers' skills. In addition, we show that export and R&D spillovers, either from MNEs or domestic firms in the sector, have a different impact on Spanish and foreign firms, the latter generally benefiting from positive spillovers. Further evidence shows a larger marginal impact of R&D spillovers on export intensity of Spanish firms exporting to other OECD countries than those exporting to non-OECD nations.

Keywords: Exports, Spillovers, R&D, Multinational Enterprises, Spanish manufacturing industry

JEL Classification: F14, F23

Suggested Citation

Barrios, Salvador and Gorg, Holger and Strobl, Eric, Explaining Firms' Export Behaviour: The Role of R&D and Spillovers (September 2001). FEDEA Documento de Trabajo Working Paper No. 2001-12, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=286713 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.286713

Salvador Barrios (Contact Author)

European Commission, JRC - IPTS ( email )

Edificio Expo
C/ Inca Garcilaso s/n
Seville, 41092
Spain
34 954 48 82 08 (Phone)
34 954 48 82 08 (Fax)

Holger Gorg

University of Kiel ( email )

Olshausenstr. 40
D-24118 Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein 24118
Germany

Kiel Institute for the World Economy ( email )

P.O. Box 4309
Kiel, Schleswig-Hosltein D-24100
Germany

Eric Strobl

Ecole Polytechnique, Paris - Department of Economic Sciences ( email )

Ecole Polytechnique
Department of Economics
Paris, 75005
France

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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