New Rural Access Index: Main Determinants and Correlation to Poverty

18 Pages Posted: 11 Nov 2016

See all articles by Atsushi Iimi

Atsushi Iimi

International Monetary Fund (IMF); World Bank

Farhad Ahmed

World Bank Group

Edward Charles Anderson

World Bank Group

Adam Stone Diehl

World Bank Group

Laban Maiyo

World Bank - Africa

Tatiana Peralta-Quirós

World Bank Group

Kulwinder Rao

World Bank Group

Date Written: November 2, 2016

Abstract

Transport connectivity is essential to sustain inclusive growth in developing countries, where many rural populations and businesses are still considered to be unconnected to the domestic, regional, or global market. The Rural Access Index is among the most important global indicators for measuring people?s transport accessibility in rural areas where the majority of the poor live. A new method to calculate the Rural Access Index was recently developed using spatial data and techniques. The characteristics of subnational Rural Access Index estimates were investigated in eight countries: Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Nepal, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. It was found that for the countries in Africa, road density and road condition are important determinants of the Rural Access Index. For the South Asian countries, improvement of road condition is particularly relevant. The evidence suggests that significant resources are likely to be required to achieve universal access through rehabilitating the existing road network and expanding the road network.

Keywords: Poverty Lines, Poverty Monitoring & Analysis, Rural Transport, Poverty Diagnostics, Poverty Assessment, Small Area Estimation Poverty Mapping, Poverty Impact Evaluation

Suggested Citation

Iimi, Atsushi and Ahmed, Farhad and Anderson, Edward Charles and Diehl, Adam Stone and Maiyo, Laban and Peralta-Quirós, Tatiana and Rao, Kulwinder, New Rural Access Index: Main Determinants and Correlation to Poverty (November 2, 2016). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7876. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2867657

Atsushi Iimi (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Farhad Ahmed

World Bank Group

10 Marina Boulevard
Marina Bay Financial Center, Tower 2, #34-02
Singapore, DC 018983
Singapore

Edward Charles Anderson

World Bank Group

10 Marina Boulevard
Marina Bay Financial Center, Tower 2, #34-02
Singapore, DC 018983
Singapore

Adam Stone Diehl

World Bank Group

10 Marina Boulevard
Marina Bay Financial Center, Tower 2, #34-02
Singapore, DC 018983
Singapore

Laban Maiyo

World Bank - Africa

1818 H Street
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Tatiana Peralta-Quirós

World Bank Group

10 Marina Boulevard
Marina Bay Financial Center, Tower 2, #34-02
Singapore, DC 018983
Singapore

Kulwinder Rao

World Bank Group

10 Marina Boulevard
Marina Bay Financial Center, Tower 2, #34-02
Singapore, DC 018983
Singapore

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