Determinants of the Credit Growth in CESEE Countries
Roczniki Kolegium Analiz Ekonomicznych SGH (Collegium of Economic Analysis Annals), Issue 41, pages 161-174, 2016
14 Pages Posted: 16 Nov 2016
Date Written: October 12, 2016
Although the issue of determinants of the credit growth is not new in the literature, we re-examine this issue, taking into account some novel variables, such as the crisis dummy, the financial safety net (FSN) index and the ruling party dummies. In this study we analyse the credit growth in 20 countries from Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe (CESEE) with a special focus on the ownership structure of banks (state-owned, owned by international development banks, foreign-owned and domestic private-owned). We apply panel data regression to bank-level data, combined with country-specific data for the period from 1995 to 2014 (more than 3.500 observations). We find that banks owned by development banks are the least expansive, while state-owned banks are the most expansive in the growth of credit. Moreover, the credit growth was the highest when the ruling party is marked as ‘centrist’. The crisis does not have a negative impact on the credit growth, however, there have been not too many crisis events in CESEE countries.
Keywords: Banks, Credit Growth, Ownership Structure
JEL Classification: G21, G32
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