Free Primary Education, Fertility, and Women's Access to the Labor Market: Evidence from Ethiopia

Forthcoming, World Bank Economic Review

85 Pages Posted: 14 Nov 2016 Last revised: 16 Sep 2019

See all articles by Luke Chicoine

Luke Chicoine

Bates College; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 30, 2019

Abstract

This paper investigates the causal relationship between women's schooling and fertility by exploiting variation generated by the removal of school fees in Ethiopia. The increase in schooling caused by the reform is identified using both geographic variation in the intensity of its impact and temporal variation generated by the timing of the implementation. The model finds that the removal of school fees led to an increase in schooling for Ethiopian women, and that each additional year of schooling led to a reduction in fertility. An investigation of the underlying mechanisms linking schooling and fertility finds that the decline in fertility is associated with an increase in labor market opportunity and a reduction in women's ideal number of children.

Keywords: returns to schooling, marriage market, fertility, Ethiopia

JEL Classification: O55, J13, I25, I26

Suggested Citation

Chicoine, Luke, Free Primary Education, Fertility, and Women's Access to the Labor Market: Evidence from Ethiopia (March 30, 2019). Forthcoming, World Bank Economic Review, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2868563 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2868563

Luke Chicoine (Contact Author)

Bates College ( email )

Lewiston, ME 04240
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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