Does Market Size Structure Affect Competition? The Case of Small Business Lending
31 Pages Posted: 14 Oct 2001
Date Written: July 2005
Market size structure refers to the distribution of shares of different size classes of local market participants, where the sizes are inclusive of assets both within and outside the local market. We apply this new measure of market structure in two empirical analyses of the U.S. banking industry to address concerns regarding the effects of the consolidation in banking. Our quantity analysis of the likelihood that small businesses borrow from large versus small banks and our small business loan price analysis that includes market size structure as well as conventional measures yield very different findings from most of the literature on bank size and small business lending. Our results do not suggest a significant net advantage or disadvantage for large banks in small business lending overall, or in lending to informationally opaque small businesses in particular. We argue that the prior research that excluded market size structure may be misleading and offer some likely explanations of why our results differ.
Keywords: Banks, small business, mergers, relationship lending, size structure, loan prices
JEL Classification: G21, G28, G34, L11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation