China's Three-Fold Environmental Degradation
“Environmental Degradation” in Critical Issues in Contemporary China, 2nd edition, edited by Czeslaw Tubilewicz, Routledge, 2017
15 Pages Posted: 21 Nov 2016
Date Written: April 2016
Contemporary China is undergoing a three-fold environmental degradation: Firstly, common ecological stress for an overpopulated and fast developing underdeveloped society, such as land and water shortage, deforestation, and desertification; secondly, complex pollution problems due to the establishment of modern industrial sectors and the widespread of urbanization; and, lastly, various new environmental problems such as climate change, marine pollution and toxic waste treatment as a result of a gigantic and increasingly globalized national economy.
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