Quantifying the Local and Spatial Effects of Alcohol Outlets on Crime

35 Pages Posted: 15 Nov 2016 Last revised: 11 Oct 2018

See all articles by Andrew Wheeler

Andrew Wheeler

University of Texas at Dallas - School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences

Date Written: November 14, 2016

Abstract

This paper estimates the relationship between alcohol outlets and crime at micro place street units in Washington, D.C. The analysis tests several spatial hypothesis on the local and spatial diffusion effects of on-premise and off-premise alcohol outlets on crime motivated by routine activities theory as well as theories that emphasize individual alcohol consumption. Findings show that the spatial diffusion effects of alcohol outlets are larger than the local effects, the effects of on-premise and off-premise outlets are similar in magnitude, and alcohol outlets have larger effects on inter-personal crimes than burglary. These findings are interpreted as favoring routine activities theories for why alcohol outlets increase crime, as opposed to prior research which emphasizes individual alcohol consumption.

Keywords: alcohol outlets, micro place, routine activities theory, diffusion

Suggested Citation

Wheeler, Andrew, Quantifying the Local and Spatial Effects of Alcohol Outlets on Crime (November 14, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2869198 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2869198

Andrew Wheeler (Contact Author)

University of Texas at Dallas - School of Economic, Political and Policy Sciences ( email )

P.O. Box 830688, GR 31
Richardson, TX 75083
United States

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