The Regionalization of Development: Are Regional Organizations More Efficient Than States?
iCourts Working Paper Series No. 80
17 Pages Posted: 17 Nov 2016
Date Written: November 15, 2016
Could regionalization be a process of “salvation” of development, or in other words could it be the way in which development might (finally) succeed? Put differently, does development proceed through the phenomenon of regionalization? To pose the question even more dramatically, are ‘regional entities’ – or, to use a rather legal term, “regional organizations” – able to succeed in a domain where States taken individually on the one hand and universal organizations on the other hand all together have finally failed? Do regional organizations have the advantages which their creators are deprived of; would they be more cynical, less ambivalent, and less strategic? Briefly, would they be irreproachable?
This set of questions suggests by its mere announcement, to my mind, that it is impossible to answer them positively. In fact, it seems that regional organizations are to some extent just like States: they are characterized by external legal policies full of diverse, often contradictory and never selfless interests, where geostrategic and political constraints on the one hand and economic pressures on the other hand are omnipresent. In this context, needless to say that the vocation of regional organizations to implement development aims without various risks is certainly neither innate nor unshakeable.
Keywords: Regionalization of Development, Regional Organizations, Efficiency, States
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