The Use of Exclusive Contracts to Deter Entry
27 Pages Posted: 16 Oct 2001
Date Written: July 18, 2001
This paper shows that an upstream monopolist that sells to competing downstream firms can profitably use exclusive contracts to deter entry even where scale economies are absent. The incumbent monopolist can often place each downstream firm in a prisoner's dilemma by offering downstream firms a discount if they sign an exclusive contract covering later periods. Because a downstream firm that refuses to sign the exclusive contract loses profit in the initial period to downstream firms that sign the exclusive contract, downstream firms will sign exclusive contracts even when, over the longer-term, they would obtain the upstream good at a lower price if they all refused to sign.
Keywords: Exclusive Contracts, Entry Deterrence, Antitrust
JEL Classification: L12, L41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation