Household Vulnerability on the Frontline of Climate Change: The Pacific Atoll Nation of Tuvalu

27 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2016

See all articles by Tauisi Taupo

Tauisi Taupo

Victoria University of Wellington - School of Economics and Finance

Harold E. Cuffe

Victoria University of Wellington

Ilan Noy

Victoria University of Wellington

Date Written: October 18, 2016

Abstract

This paper investigates the vulnerability of households to climatic disasters in the low-lying atoll nation of Tuvalu. Small Island Developing States, particularly the atoll islands, are considered to be the most vulnerable to climatic change, and in particular to sea-level rise and its associated risks. We construct poverty and hardship profiles for households on the different islands of Tuvalu, and combine these with geographic and topographic information to assess the exposure differentials among different groups using spatial econometric models. Besides the observation that poor households are more vulnerable to negative shocks because they lack the resources to respond, we also find that they are also more likely to reside in highly exposed areas to disasters (closer to the coasts and at lower elevation) and have less ability to migrate (between and within the islands).

Keywords: vulnerability, exposure, poverty, hardship, Tuvalu, atoll

JEL Classification: C310, I300, Q540, Q560

Suggested Citation

Taupo, Tauisi and Cuffe, Harold E. and Noy, Ilan, Household Vulnerability on the Frontline of Climate Change: The Pacific Atoll Nation of Tuvalu (October 18, 2016). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 6128, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2871176

Tauisi Taupo

Victoria University of Wellington - School of Economics and Finance ( email )

PO Box 600
Wellington, 6140
New Zealand

Harold E. Cuffe

Victoria University of Wellington ( email )

Ilan Noy (Contact Author)

Victoria University of Wellington ( email )

P.O. Box 600
Wellington, 6140
New Zealand

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