Do Certificate-of-Need Laws Limit Spending?

Mercatus Working Paper, Mercatus Center at George Mason University, Arlington, VA, September 2016

30 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2016

See all articles by Matthew D. Mitchell

Matthew D. Mitchell

Fraser Institute; Knee Center for the Study of Occupational Regulation; Mercatus Center at George Mason University

Date Written: September 29, 2016

Abstract

In 35 states, certificate-of-need (CON) laws in health care restrict the supply of medical services. These regulations require providers hoping to open a new healthcare facility, expand an existing facility, or purchase certain medical equipment such as an MRI machine or a hospital bed to first prove to a regulatory body that their community needs the service in question. The approval process can be time consuming and expensive, and it offers incumbent providers an opportunity to oppose the entrance of new competitors. However, it was originally hoped that these laws would, among other things, reduce healthcare price inflation. In this brief, I review the basic economic theory of a supply restriction like CON, then summarize four decades of empirical research on the effect of CON on healthcare spending. There is no evidence that CON regulations limit healthcare price inflation and little evidence that they reduce healthcare spending. In fact, the balance of evidence suggests that CON laws are associated with higher per-unit costs and higher total healthcare spending.

Keywords: Economics of Regulation, Certificate of Need, Supply Constraints, Regulatory Capture, Special Interests, Rent-Seeking

JEL Classification: D72, D78, H75, I1, L51

Suggested Citation

Mitchell, Matthew D., Do Certificate-of-Need Laws Limit Spending? (September 29, 2016). Mercatus Working Paper, Mercatus Center at George Mason University, Arlington, VA, September 2016, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2871325 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2871325

Matthew D. Mitchell (Contact Author)

Fraser Institute ( email )

1770 Burrard Street
4th Floor
Vancouver, British Columbia V6J 3G7
Canada

Knee Center for the Study of Occupational Regulation ( email )

P.O. Box 6025
Morgantown, WV 26506
United States

Mercatus Center at George Mason University ( email )

3434 Washington Blvd., 4th Floor
Arlington, VA 22201
United States

HOME PAGE: http://meractus.org

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
183
Abstract Views
1,167
Rank
247,630
PlumX Metrics