Access to Modern Energy: A Review of Barriers, Drivers and Impacts

45 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2016

See all articles by Jacopo Bonan

Jacopo Bonan

Catholic University of Milan (Brescia)

Stefano Pareglio

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart of Milan

Massimo Tavoni

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM); Princeton University - Princeton Environmental Institute

Date Written: November 18, 2016

Abstract

Universal access to modern energy services, in terms of access to electricity and to modern cooking facilities, has been recognized as a fundamental challenge for development. Despite strong praise for action and the deployment of large-scale electrification programs and improved cookstove (ICS) distribution campaigns, few studies have shed light on the barriers to, the enablers of and the impacts of access to energy on development outcomes, using rigorous methodologies. This paper reviews this recent strand of research, trying to fill these gaps. We focus on the demand-side and household perspective. Our main outcomes of interest are electricity connection and ICS adoption for the analysis of barriers, time allocation, labour market outcomes and welfare for the impact analysis. We provide evidence of significant wellbeing impacts of electrification, and mixed evidence for cookstoves.

Keywords: Impact Evaluation, Energy Poverty, Energy Access, Rural Electrification, Modern Cookstoves, Literature Review

JEL Classification: O1, O13, Q4, Q48

Suggested Citation

Bonan, Jacopo and Pareglio, Stefano and Tavoni, Massimo, Access to Modern Energy: A Review of Barriers, Drivers and Impacts (November 18, 2016). FEEM Working Paper No. 68.2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2871904 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2871904

Jacopo Bonan (Contact Author)

Catholic University of Milan (Brescia) ( email )

Milan
Italy

Stefano Pareglio

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart of Milan ( email )

Milan, Milan
Italy

Massimo Tavoni

Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) ( email )

Corso Magenta 63
20123 Milan
Italy

Princeton University - Princeton Environmental Institute

22 Chambers Street
Princeton, NJ 08544-0708
United States

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