Unraveling the Predictive Power of Telematics Data in Car Insurance Pricing
28 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2016 Last revised: 7 Feb 2018
Date Written: November 7, 2017
A data set from a Belgian telematics product aimed at young drivers is used to identify how car insurance premiums can be designed based on the telematics data collected by a black box installed in the vehicle. In traditional pricing models for car insurance, the premium depends on self-reported rating variables (e.g. age, postal code) which capture characteristics of the policy(holder) and the insured vehicle and are often only indirectly related to the accident risk. Using telematics technology enables tailor-made car insurance pricing based on the driving behavior of the policyholder. We develop a statistical modeling approach using generalized additive models and compositional predictors to quantify and interpret the effect of telematics variables on the expected claim frequency. We find that such variables increase the predictive power and render the use of gender as a discriminating rating variable redundant.
Keywords: Pay-as-you-drive insurance, Usage-based insurance, Risk classification, Generalized additive models, Compositional predictors, Structural zeros
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