Trade Liberalization and Mortality: Evidence from U.S. Counties

68 Pages Posted: 21 Nov 2016

See all articles by Justin R. Pierce

Justin R. Pierce

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

Peter K. Schott

Yale University - School of Management; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Yale University - Cowles Foundation

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Date Written: November 2016

Abstract

We investigate the impact of a large economic shock on mortality. We find that counties more exposed to a plausibly exogenous trade liberalization exhibit higher rates of suicide and related causes of death, concentrated among whites, especially white males. These trends are consistent with our finding that more-exposed counties experience relative declines in manufacturing employment, a sector in which whites and males are disproportionately employed. We also examine other causes of death that might be related to labor market disruption and find both positive and negative relationships. More-exposed counties, for example, exhibit lower rates of fatal heart attacks.

Suggested Citation

Pierce, Justin R. and Schott, Peter K., Trade Liberalization and Mortality: Evidence from U.S. Counties (November 2016). NBER Working Paper No. w22849, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2873322

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Peter K. Schott

Yale University - School of Management ( email )

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