Do Vote-Buyers Target the Poor? Evidence from Elections in the Philippines

ASOG Working Paper No. 17-001

30 Pages Posted: 15 Dec 2016

See all articles by Tristan Canare

Tristan Canare

Asian Institute of Management - Policy Center

Mario Antonio Lopez

Asian Institute of Management

Ronald U. Mendoza

Ateneo De Manila University - Ateneo School of Government

Date Written: December 15, 2016

Abstract

As a contribution to the nascent literature, this study examines patterns of vote buying among poor voters in 17 cities in Metro Manila, using a dataset closely following the 2016 national and local elections. Specifically, it will examine the possible factors linked to vote buying, hopefully uncovering evidence on whether and how this is targeted at poor voters. This study also looks at the correlates of other aspects of vote buying, including of accepting the offer and of voting for the candidate who made the offer. The main focus is on the poor because extensive anecdotal evidence suggests that this could be the group most prone to sell their votes, in large part because of their needs. This paper finds evidence that vote buying among poor voters in Metro Manila appears to be a finely targeted activity, wherein various things of value can be used to buy votes, while money is used only in tight Mayoral races.

Keywords: Elections, Vote Buying, Poverty, Targeting

JEL Classification: D70, I39, O53, P16

Suggested Citation

Canare, Tristan and Lopez, Mario Antonio and Mendoza, Ronald U., Do Vote-Buyers Target the Poor? Evidence from Elections in the Philippines (December 15, 2016). ASOG Working Paper No. 17-001. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2874007 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2874007

Tristan Canare

Asian Institute of Management - Policy Center ( email )

Eugenio Lopez Foundation Bldg
Joseph McMicking Campus, 123 Paseo de Roxas
Makati City, Metro Manila
Philippines

Mario Antonio Lopez

Asian Institute of Management ( email )

123 Paseo de Roxas
Makati City, Metro Manila
Philippines

Ronald U. Mendoza (Contact Author)

Ateneo De Manila University - Ateneo School of Government ( email )

Katipunan Road
Loyola Heights
Quezon City, 1108
Philippines

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