Trade Liberalization and Mortality: Evidence from U.S. Counties

68 Pages Posted: 22 Nov 2016

See all articles by Justin R. Pierce

Justin R. Pierce

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

Peter K. Schott

Yale University - School of Management; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Yale University - Cowles Foundation

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: 2016-11

Abstract

We investigate the impact of a large economic shock on mortality. We find that counties more exposed to a plausibly exogenous trade liberalization exhibit higher rates of suicide and related causes of death, concentrated among whites, especially white males. These trends are consistent with our finding that more-exposed counties experience relative declines in manufacturing employment, a sector in which whites and males are over-represented. We also examine other causes of death that might be related to labor market disruption and find both positive and negative relationships. More-exposed counties, for example, exhibit lower rates of fatal heart attacks.

Keywords: International Trade, Mortality, Trade Policy, Unemployment

Suggested Citation

Pierce, Justin R. and Schott, Peter K., Trade Liberalization and Mortality: Evidence from U.S. Counties (2016-11). FEDS Working Paper No. 2016-094, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2874164 or http://dx.doi.org/10.17016/FEDS.2016.094

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Peter K. Schott

Yale University - School of Management ( email )

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Yale University - Cowles Foundation

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