Electricity Prices, Large-Scale Renewable Integration, and Policy Implications
36 Pages Posted: 25 Nov 2016
Date Written: November 22, 2016
This paper investigates the effects of intermittent solar and wind power generation on electricity price formation in Germany. We use daily data from 2010 to 2015, a period with profound modifications in the German electricity market, the most notable being the rapid integration of photovoltaic and wind power sources, as well as the phasing out of nuclear energy. In the context of a GARCH-in-Mean model, we show that both solar and wind power Granger cause electricity prices, that solar power generation reduces the volatility of electricity prices by scaling down the use of peak-load power plants, and that wind power generation increases the volatility of electricity prices by challenging electricity market exibility.
Keywords: Intermittency, Large-scale integration, Merit-order effect, Volatility, GARCH-in-Mean model
JEL Classification: C22, Q41, Q42
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