Next Train to the Polycentric City: The Effect of Railroads on Subcenter Formation

XREAP2016-06

42 Pages Posted: 26 Nov 2016

See all articles by Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López

Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López

Autonomous University of Barcelona; University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB)

Camille Hémet

University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB)

Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal

University of Barcelona

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: November 23, 2016

Abstract

Recent evidence reveals that transportation’s improvements within metropolitan areas have a clear effect on population and job decentralization processes. Yet, very little has been said on how these improvements affect the spatial organization of the economic activity in the suburbs. This paper analyses the effects of transportation’s changes on employment subcenters formation. Using data from metropolitan Paris between 1968 and 2010, we first show that rail network improvements cause the expected job decentralization by attracting jobs to suburban municipalities. Our main contribution is to show that the new rail transit clearly affects the spatial organization of employment through the number and size of the employment subcenters: not only does the presence of a rail station increase the probability of a suburban municipality of belonging to a subcenter by 5 to 10%, but a 10% increase in municipality proximity to a suburban station is found to increase its chance to be part of a subcenter by 3 to 5%.

Keywords: Urban spatial structure, decentralization, subcenters, polycentric city, transportation.

JEL Classification: R11, R12, R14, R4, O2

Suggested Citation

Garcia-López, Miquel-Àngel and Hémet, Camille and Viladecans-Marsal, Elisabet, Next Train to the Polycentric City: The Effect of Railroads on Subcenter Formation (November 23, 2016). XREAP2016-06. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2875099 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2875099

Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López (Contact Author)

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB) ( email )

Barcelona

Camille Hémet

University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB) ( email )

c/ Tinent Coronel Valenzuela, 1-11
Barcelona, 08034
Spain

Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal

University of Barcelona ( email )

Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 585
Barcelona, 08007
Spain

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