Dynasties Thrive Under Decentralization in the Philippines

24 Pages Posted: 30 Nov 2016 Last revised: 15 Jan 2019

See all articles by Ronald U. Mendoza

Ronald U. Mendoza

Ateneo De Manila University - Ateneo School of Government

Miann Banaag

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo School of Government

Date Written: January 5, 2017

Abstract

The association of political clans with traditional politics, vote buying, impunity and other detrimental practices in Philippine politics is well documented in the academic literature. And in very recent studies, political dynasties have also been shown to be associated with deeper poverty — where there are fatter dynasties (i.e. political clan members occupying positions together) there tend to be increased poverty and underdevelopment. This paper provides an update on the over-all leadership patterns in the country, incorporating the results from the May 2016 elections. Over-all, when considering the results of the 2016 elections, the Philippines’ local governments became even more dynastic with over 80% of Governors and around 78% of Representatives belonging to political clans. Based on the present trend, we estimate that almost 70% of the entire local government leadership will be dynastic by 2040.

Keywords: Political dynasties, elections, Maguindanao

JEL Classification: D70, I39, O53, P16

Suggested Citation

Mendoza, Ronald U. and Banaag, Miann, Dynasties Thrive Under Decentralization in the Philippines (January 5, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2875583 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2875583

Ronald U. Mendoza (Contact Author)

Ateneo De Manila University - Ateneo School of Government ( email )

Katipunan Road
Loyola Heights
Quezon City, 1108
Philippines

Miann Banaag

Ateneo de Manila University - Ateneo School of Government ( email )

Pacifico Ortiz Hall, Fr. Arrupe Road
Social Development Complex, Loyola Heights
Quezon City, Manila 1108
Philippines

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