18 Pages Posted: 28 Nov 2016 Last revised: 27 May 2017
Date Written: May 8, 2017
The electron microscope improved our vision by a factor of one million. Humans could finally see atoms. This study aims for a similar leap by studying trades at nanoseconds, a million times more precise than often used milliseconds. This enables one to observe asset re-allocations among rapid-fire tradebots, including those employed by high-frequency traders (HFTs). Twenty percent of trades arrive in sub-millisecond clusters. Importantly, these clusters do not seem to feature price instability. However, they are costly to nonHFTs in terms of adverse selection, but they can be avoided.
Keywords: HFT, nanoseconds, price instability
JEL Classification: G10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Menkveld, Albert J., High-Frequency Trading as Viewed Through an Electron Microscope (May 8, 2017). Financial Analysts Journal, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2875612