Group Offending in Mass Atrocities: Proposing a Group Violence Strategies Model for International Crimes

16 Pages Posted: 25 Nov 2016

See all articles by Regina E. Rauxloh

Regina E. Rauxloh

School of Law - University of Southampton

Date Written: November 25, 2016


English Abstract: Most research in mass atrocities, especially genocide, is conducted at the macro level exploring how mass violence is instigated, planned and orchestrated at the level of the state. This paper on the other hand suggests that more research of the individual perpetrator is needed to complement the understanding of mass atrocities. The author develops therefore a new model, the group violence strategies model. This model combines various traditional criminological models of group offending and proposes a three stage analysis, looking at the individual aggressor, the actions within the offender group and the actions between offender group and victim group to understand better the phenomenon that ordinary people commit unspeakable crimes.

Spanish Abstract: La mayor parte de las investigaciones sobre atrocidades en masa, especialmente genocidio, se desarrollan a nivel macro, analizando cómo se instiga, planea y orquestra la violencia de masas a nivel de estado. Este artículo, sin embargo, sugiere que es necesaria una mayor investigación del criminal individual, para complementar la comprensión de las atrocidades en masa. Así, se desarrolla un nuevo modelo, el modelo de estrategias de violencia en grupo. Este modelo combina diversos modelos criminológicos tradicionales de violencia en grupo y propone tres etapas de análisis, mirando al agresor individual, las acciones dentro del grupo criminal y las acciones entre el grupo criminal y el grupo de víctimas, para entender mejor este fenómeno por el que personas corrientes cometen crímenes atroces.

Keywords: genocide, mass atrocities, group offending, neutralisation techniques, emotional energy dominance, patterns of violence, group violence strategies models, Genocidio, atrocidades en masa, crímenes en grupo, técnicas de neutralización, dominio de energía emocional, patrones de violencia

Suggested Citation

Rauxloh, Regina E., Group Offending in Mass Atrocities: Proposing a Group Violence Strategies Model for International Crimes (November 25, 2016). Oñati Socio-Legal Series, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2016, Available at SSRN:

Regina E. Rauxloh (Contact Author)

School of Law - University of Southampton ( email )

Highfield Campus
Southampton, SO17 1BJ
United Kingdom
02380593819 (Phone)

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