Multilingualism and the Decline of French in Quebec

Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development (Forthcoming)

27 Pages Posted: 28 Nov 2016 Last revised: 28 Nov 2019

See all articles by Alex Arsenault Morin

Alex Arsenault Morin

Queen's University (Canada), Faculty of Arts & Science, Department of Economics, Students

Vincent Geloso

Bates College; University of Western Ontario - King's University College

Date Written: September 18, 2019

Abstract

Using census data from 2001 to 2016, we provide evidence that the French language is gaining ground in Quebec. We show that the apparent decline of French in Quebec is linked to a rise in multilingualism, especially when French is one of the multiple languages spoken. We argue that the census statistics are distorted by inter-linguistic marriages and a rise in the proportion of individuals whose language at home is different from their language at work. The level of usage of the French language is therefore considerably underestimated.

Keywords: Linguistic Demography; Language Policy; Human Capital

JEL Classification: I26; J10

Suggested Citation

Arsenault Morin, Alex and Geloso, Vincent, Multilingualism and the Decline of French in Quebec (September 18, 2019). Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development (Forthcoming), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2875788 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2875788

Alex Arsenault Morin

Queen's University (Canada), Faculty of Arts & Science, Department of Economics, Students ( email )

99 University Avenue
Kingston K7L 3N6, Ontario
Canada

Vincent Geloso (Contact Author)

Bates College ( email )

Department of Economics
Lewiston, ME
United States

University of Western Ontario - King's University College ( email )

266 Epworth Avenue
London, Ontario N6A 2M3
Canada

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