The BRIC Nations and the Anatomy of Economic Development: The Core Tenets of Rule of Law

(2016) Law and Development Review

52 Pages Posted: 30 Nov 2016 Last revised: 2 Dec 2016

See all articles by Nandini Ramanujam

Nandini Ramanujam

Rule of Law and Economic Development Research Group; McGill University

Nicholas Caivano

McGill University, Faculty of Law; Amnesty International; Rule of Law and Economic Development Research Group

Date Written: November 28, 2016

Abstract

The past decade has witnessed a revival in interest in the relationship between rule of law and economic development. Disenchantment with the universal model that emerged from the Washington Consensus era led to a shift in focus to a more pluralist approach in which policy prescriptions became tailored to each country’s socio-political context. The authors suggest that the pendulum may have swung to the other extreme, and that the newly ascendant pluralist approach may overemphasize pluralism at the expense of core rule of law principles. This paper examines the rule of law building efforts pursued by the BRIC countries to shed light on their strikingly different processes of economic transition. The authors argue that formal, informal, and transitional institutions have played distinct roles in these divergent economic development narratives. While informal and transitional institutions have facilitated growth during initial and intermediate phases of development, a degree of formalization across some institutions is critical to support the long-term development of a market economy. The authors set out the core tenets approach, an exploratory concept that emphasizes a malleable set of fundamental rule of law principles which exist alongside transition institutions to build trust in formal institutions as an economy advances.

Keywords: Law, Development, Economics, Brazil, Russia, India, China

Suggested Citation

Ramanujam, Nandini and Caivano, Nicholas, The BRIC Nations and the Anatomy of Economic Development: The Core Tenets of Rule of Law (November 28, 2016). (2016) Law and Development Review, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2876646

Nandini Ramanujam

Rule of Law and Economic Development Research Group ( email )

3644 Peel Street
Montreal, Quebec H3A 1W9
Canada

McGill University ( email )

1001 Sherbrooke St. W
Montreal, Quebec H3A 1G5
Canada

Nicholas Caivano (Contact Author)

McGill University, Faculty of Law

Old Chancellor Day Hall
3644 Peel Street
Montreal, Quebec H3A 1W9
Canada

Amnesty International

1 Easton Street
London, WC1X 0DW
United Kingdom

Rule of Law and Economic Development Research Group

New Chancellor Day Hall
3644 Peel Street
Montreal, Quebec H3A 1W9
Canada

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