Bridging the Tax-Expenditure Gap: Green Taxes and the Marginal Cost of Funds

24 Pages Posted: 30 Oct 2001

See all articles by Agnar Sandmo

Agnar Sandmo

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH); Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Date Written: October 2001

Abstract

The marginal cost of public funds is usually seen as a number greater than one, reflecting the efficiency cost of distortionary taxes. But economic intuition suggests that since green taxes are efficiency-enhancing the MCF with such taxes will be less than one. The paper demonstrates that this intuition is not necessarily true, even when a green tax is the sole source of funds. The analysis also considers the MCF with a proportional income tax, given the presence of green taxes. It compares the optimization approach to the MCF with that of a balanced budget reform and shows that they lead to equivalent results.

JEL Classification: D62, H21, H41

Suggested Citation

Sandmo, Agnar, Bridging the Tax-Expenditure Gap: Green Taxes and the Marginal Cost of Funds (October 2001). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 579. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=287679

Agnar Sandmo (Contact Author)

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) ( email )

Helleveien 30
Bergen, NO-5045
Norway
+47 55 95 92 76 (Phone)

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

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