Research Insights in Clustering for Sparsely Distributed Wireless Sensor Network
International Journal of Advances in Engineering Research, Vol. No. 12, Issue No. IV, October 2016
12 Pages Posted: 30 Nov 2016
Date Written: November 29, 2016
A wireless sensor is a miniature component which measure physical parameters from the environment and transmit them to the monitoring station by wireless medium. In wireless medium, the sensor and its associated components are called as node. A node is self-possessed by a sensor, processor, local memory, transceiver and a low-powered battery. To diminish the data transmission time and energy consumption, the sensor nodes are assembled into a number of little groups referred as clusters and the phenomenon is referred as clustering. Every cluster comprise of a leader which is known as cluster head. The cluster head will be chosen by the sensor nodes in the individual cluster or be pre-assigned by the user. The main advantages of clustering are the transmission of aggregated data to the base station, offers scalability for huge number of nodes and trims down energy consumption. Fundamentally, clustering could be classified into centralized clustering, distributed clustering and hybrid clustering. In centralized clustering, the cluster head is fixed. The rest of the nodes in the cluster act as member nodes. In distributed clustering, the cluster head is not fixed. The cluster head keeps on shifting form node to node within the cluster on the basis of some parameters. Hybrid clustering is the combination of both centralized clustering and distributed clustering mechanisms. This paper gives a detailed description about the research insights in clustering for sparsely distributed wireless sensor network.
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