Environmental, Social and Governance Disclosures in Europe
Sustainability Accounting, Management and Policy Journal, Vol. 6(2), p. 224 – 242, Emerald, 2015
33 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2017 Last revised: 6 Dec 2017
Date Written: April 1, 2015
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the European Union’s (EU) latest regulatory principles for environmental, social and governance (ESG) disclosures. It explains how some of the EU’s member states are ratifying the EU Commission’s directives on ESG reporting by introducing intelligent, substantive and reflexive regulations.
Design/methodology/approach – Following a review of EU publications and relevant theoretical underpinnings, this paper reports on the EU member states’ national policies for ESG reporting and disclosures.
Findings – The EU has recently revised a number of tools and instruments for the reporting of financial and non-financial information, including the EU’s modernisation directive, the EU’s directive on the disclosure of non-financial and diversity information, the EU Energy Efficiency Directive, the European pollutant release and transfer register, the EU emission trading scheme, the integrated pollution prevention and control directive, among others.
Practical implications – Although all member states are transposing these new EU directives, to date, there are no specific requirements in relation to the type of non-financial indicators that can be included in annual reports. Moreover, there is a need for further empirical evidence that analyse how these regulations may (or may not) affect government entities and big corporations.
Keywords: Business, Social Policy, Corporate Governance, Corporate Social Responsibility, European Policy, ESG Reporting, CSR Reporting, Sustainability Reporting, EU Directives
JEL Classification: M00, M10, M14, M16, M4, M40, M41, M48
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation