The Uses of Religious Identity, Practice, and Dogma in 'Soft' and 'Hard' Counterterrorism
Security and Human Rights, (Liora Lazarus & Benjamin Goold, eds. Hart Pub. 2017, Forthcoming
18 Pages Posted: 1 Dec 2016 Last revised: 17 Feb 2017
Date Written: November 29, 2016
This book chapter maps the complex intersection between concepts of Islam and the Muslim and counterterrorism law and policy. My central claim is that faith is no longer weaponized only by violent terrorist groups. States too have realized that Islam can be deployed under a security banner in a variety of ideological and practical ways. At the same time, a fractious wave of right-of-center populism has crashed over northern Europe and the United States with demands for newly restrictive rules targeting Muslims migrants and citizens. As a result of these colliding technocratic and populist dynamics, Islamic identity and practice now play three distinct roles in counterterrorism law and policy — as proxy for risk, object for reform, and object of extirpation. The result of these trends is likely to be a sharp rise in formal and informal contestation over the nature and legitimacy of Islam as a religious identity.
Keywords: National Security, Islam
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