Neural Network Copula Portfolio Optimization for Exchange Traded Funds
Quantitative Finance, forthcoming
26 Pages Posted: 1 Dec 2016 Last revised: 5 Jan 2018
Date Written: November 15, 2017
This paper attempts to investigate if adopting accurate forecasts from Neural Network (NN) models can lead to statistical and economically significant benefits in portfolio management decisions. In order to achieve that, three NNs, namely the Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP), Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) and the Psi Sigma Network (PSN), are applied to the task of forecasting the daily returns of three Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs). The statistical and trading performance of the NNs is benchmarked with the traditional Auto-Regressive Moving Average (ARMA) models. Next, a novel dynamic asymmetric copula model (NNC) is introduced in order to capture the dependence structure across ETF returns. Based on the above, weekly re-balanced portfolios are obtained and compared by using the traditional mean-variance and the mean-CVaR portfolio optimization approach. In terms of the results, PSN outperforms all models in statistical and trading terms. Additionally, the asymmetric skewed t copula statistically outperforms symmetric copulas when it comes to modelling ETF returns dependence. The proposed NNC model leads to significant improvements in the portfolio optimization process, while forecasting covariance accounting for asymmetric dependence between the ETFs also improves the performance of obtained portfolios.
Keywords: Copulas, Neural Networks, Portfolio Optimization, ETF
JEL Classification: G11, G17
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation