Wrestling Over Republication Rights: Who Owns the Copyright of Interviews?

28 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2016 Last revised: 28 Mar 2022

Date Written: June 30, 2016

Abstract

In a society that constantly consumes information — news, celebrity gossip, trends and fashions — the interview is an invaluable mainstay of the information age. Journalists rely on interviews with politicians, celebrities, and intellectuals to draw in readers, who are in turn fascinated by interviews for their insight into the minds and lives of public figures. For such a ubiquitous and pervasive form of journalistic reporting, the law is astonishingly unclear about the copyright ownership of interviews.

Courts have come to several contradictory holdings about the copyright ownership of interviews. Because of this lack of consensus, interviewees are able to chill journalistic speech by claiming a potentially unfounded copyright interest in their interviews, and interviewers are susceptible to interviewee demands of payment for republication rights. Until this issue is settled conclusively, interviewees’ claims of copyright interests in interviews could have serious ramifications for the business practices of journalists, resulting in costly and complicated negotiations that lead to higher transaction costs.

This Article sets forth and analyzes the ways that courts have attempted to deal with the question of interview ownership, and proposes an alternative solution that addresses the interview as a singular, unified work, with copyright ownership based on the concept of “authorship” rather than individual statements made by separate parties.

Note: This Note was chosen as the winner of the 2016 Virginia State Bar Intellectual Property Section writing competition, and the American Intellectual Property Law Association (AIPLA) Robert C. Watson Award.

Keywords: IP, Intellectual Property, Copyright, Copyright Law, Copyright Rights, Journalism, Interviews

Suggested Citation

Amerine, Mary Catherine, Wrestling Over Republication Rights: Who Owns the Copyright of Interviews? (June 30, 2016). Mary Catherine Amerine, Wrestling Over Republication Rights: Who Owns the Copyright of Interviews?, 21 Marq. Intellectual Property L. Rev. 159 (2017)., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2878800 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2878800

Mary Catherine Amerine (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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